Dante is still credited with standardizing the Italian language and english to hindi translation. Thus, the dialect of Florence became the basis for the formation of the official Italian language. It is this dialect that is studied all over the world in Italian language courses.

Italian was the official language of the various Italian states prior to consolidation. They slowly adopted the Latin language, even despite foreign domination over them (for example, Spanish in the Kingdom of Naples or Austrian in the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom), even though the main population spoke mainly their native languages ​​​​and dialects. Italian was also one of the most recognizable languages ​​in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Italian dialects

Italy has always been distinguished by its characteristic dialect for each city, since cities, until recently, were city-states. Such dialects and japanese to english are currently characterized by considerable diversity. Italian of Tuscan origin began to be used throughout Italy with an admixture of the local dialect, which gave rise to various versions of the regional Italian language. The most characteristic differences between, for example, Roman and Milanese Italian are the doubling of initial consonants and the pronunciation of stressed “e”, and “s” in some cases: for example, va bene “normal”: a Roman (and any standard language speaker) pronounces [va ˈbːɛne], but a Milanese (and any speaker whose native dialect is used north of the La Spezia-Rimini line).

Compared to northern Italian, the southern Italian dialects and languages ​​were, for the most part, unaffected by the Franco-Provençal influences that entered Italy, mostly from the bards from France in the Middle Ages. However, after the Norman conquest of southern Italy, Sicily became the first Italian territory to assimilate Provençal lyrical motifs (and words) into poetry. Even in the case of Northern Italian, however, schoolchildren try not to exaggerate the influence of outsiders on the natural local trends in the development of languages.

Therefore, for those who want to learn Italian and speak it in such a way that it is understood in any corner of Italy, there is sometimes a very difficult task. How to understand all the variety of Italian dialects and achieve understanding? It is worth learning the standard language, and understanding of the local dialect will come with time as you assimilate.

Formation of the standard of the Italian language

The economic strength and relatively advanced development of the Tuscan region at that time (late Middle Ages) gave its dialect weight, although the Venetian language remained widespread in medieval Italian trading life for a long time, and the Ligurian dialect (or Genoese) remained in use in maritime trade throughout the Mediterranean. seas. The increasing importance of Florence in the political and cultural sphere during the formation and strengthening of the Medici bank, humanism and renaissance made its dialect, or rather an ennobled version of it, the standard language in art.

So, we got modern Italian, which sounds on TV screens, newspapers and magazines are printed in it, and it is taught in Italian language courses all over the world.

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